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Unilateral exophthalmus in an acute episode of MS

Brodoehl S

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Jena, Germany

Department of Neurology, Naumburg, Germany

E-mail : bhuvaneswari.bibleraaj@uhsm.nhs.uk

Liebermann J

Department of Neurology, Naumburg, Germany

Herfurth J

Department of Neurology, Naumburg, Germany

Lobenstein S

Department of Neurology, Naumburg, Germany

DOI: 10.15761/CCRR.1000273

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Here we present a clinical case of a unilateral exophthalmus which occurred for the first time in an acute episode of multiple sclerosis (MS). Diplopia occurred together with a new paresis of the left hand. Concerning the paresis of the hand, a cervical spinal lesion was found, whereas the cause of the diplopia is most likely a protrusion of the right eye. Diplopia improved slightly under a cortisone regime. Laboratory study and thyroid ultrasonography did not reveal an endocrine cause of the exophthalmus and the physiological relationship to MS remained elusive. However, a type of autoimmune-overlap syndrome must be considered [1-3].

Figure 1. Exophthalmus in an acute MS episode. (A) Clinical presentation of exophthalmus of the right eye (arrow) and diplopia. (B) Transversal T2-weighted MRI with protrusion of the right eye and proliferation of intra-orbital fat tissue (Comerci, Elefante et al. 2013). (C) Sagittal T2-weighted MRI with two spinal lesions (arrows), the lesion in the upper cervical spine (C3, upper arrow) showed gadolinium enhancement and was most likely the reason for the acute paresis of the left hand.

References

  1. Comerci M, Elefante A, Strianese D, Senese R, Bonavolonta P, et al. (2013) Semiautomatic regional segmentation to measure orbital fat volumes in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. A validation study. Neuroradiol J 26: 373-379. [Crossref]
  2. Marrie RA, Reider N, Cohen J, Stuve O, Sorensen PS, et al. (2015) A systematic review of the incidence and prevalence of autoimmune disease in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler 21: 282-293. [Crossref]
  3. Niederwieser G, Buchinger W, Bonelli RM, Berghold A, Reisecker F, et al. (2003) Prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis and non-immune thyroid disease in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol 250: 672-675. [Crossref]

Editorial Information

Editor-in-Chief

Andy Goren
University of Rome "G.Marconi"

Article Type

Clinical Image

Publication history

Received date: August 09, 2016
Accepted date: September 13, 2016
Published date: September 16, 2016

Copyright

© 2016 Brodoehl S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Citation

Brodoehl S, Liebermann J, Herfurth J, Lobenstein S (2016) Unilateral exophthalmus in an acute episode of MS. Clin Case Rep Rev 2: DOI: 10.15761/CCRR.1000273.

Corresponding author

Brodoehl Stefan

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Jena, Germany.

E-mail : bhuvaneswari.bibleraaj@uhsm.nhs.uk

Figure 1. Exophthalmus in an acute MS episode. (A) Clinical presentation of exophthalmus of the right eye (arrow) and diplopia. (B) Transversal T2-weighted MRI with protrusion of the right eye and proliferation of intra-orbital fat tissue (Comerci, Elefante et al. 2013). (C) Sagittal T2-weighted MRI with two spinal lesions (arrows), the lesion in the upper cervical spine (C3, upper arrow) showed gadolinium enhancement and was most likely the reason for the acute paresis of the left hand.