Avoid plagiarism by giving credit to original source


All article published under OA Text Journals follows standard Editorial Process to maintain quality scientific contents in all OA Text journals. Editorial process involves strict measures to prevent plagiarism, redundancy of manuscripts, multiple submissions, fabrication and falsification of data.


The author should develop his own contents while preparing any manuscript towards publication and should avoid plagiarizing the contents of other author’s paper without proper citation. If Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will be considered as plagiarism.

Duplicate Submission:

Authors should not submit the same manuscript, simultaneously to more than one journal to consider for peer review process. Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere or to be under review elsewhere will be considered duplicate submission.

Duplicate Publication:

Duplicate publication is the publication of a paper that shares the same hypotheses, data, discussion, and conclusions substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication.

Redundant publication:

Redundant publication is the publication of a paper that overlaps substantially that has already been reported in large part in a published article or is contained in another paper that has been submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere.

Data Fabrication or Falsification:

Data fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting the fabricated information without carrying out the study. Falsification includes the manipulating research materials, equipment, processes, changing, and selective omission/deletion/suppression of conflicting data without scientific or statistical justification.

Improper Authorship/Contributorship:

Authorship credits should be given those who do substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and final approval of the version to be published. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged as contributorship.

Citation Manipulation:

Citation manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal.

If plagiarism is detected, either by the editors, peer reviewers or OA Text staff at any stage before publication of a manuscript- before or after acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage- OA Text will alert the authors, asking her or him to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and cite the original source. if the plagiarism is extensive- that is, if at least 25% of the original submission is plagiarised- the article may be rejected and the author's institution/employer notified.

If a case of plagiarism comes to light after a paper is published in anOA Text journal, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. A determination of misconduct will lead the OA Text journal to run a statement, bidirectionally linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and to provide a reference to the plagiarised material. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.

OA Text employs CrossCheck to compare submissions against a large and growing database of published scholarly content.